Used in skincare as an antioxidant because of their Vitamin E activity.

There are four types of tocopherol; alpha (the most antioxidant), beta, gamma and delta. There amount of likeness to Vitamin E depends on the number of methyl groups they have attached to the first benzene ring. The more methyl groups there are the more antioxidant properties they have.

REVIEW: Clear Difference Advanced Blemish Serum Estee Lauder

Brand: Estee Lauder

Skin Type: Suitable for all but best for oily/acne prone

How to use: Apply to clean skin avoiding eye area

Ingredients: Salicylic Acid 0.5% Inactive Ingredients: Water/Aqua/Eau, Dimethicone, Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Water, PPG-14 Butyl Ether, Acetyl Glucosamine, Sucrose, Isodecyl Neopentanoate, Steareth-21, Glycine, Acrylamide/Sodium Acryloyldimethyltaurate Copolymer, Laminaria, Saccharina Extract, Caffeine, Tocopheryl Acetate, Isohexadecane, Steareth-2, Algae Extract, Sodium Hyaluronate, Polysorbate 80, Quaternium-22, Butylene Glycol, Sodium Hydroxide, Pentylene Glycol, Disodium EDTA, Fragrance (Parfum) Limonene, Linalool, Phenoxyethanol, Benzalkonium, Green 5, Yellow 5.

How does it smell? Very scientific is that’s possible and very clean/fresh

How does it feel? Very smooth and silky, although it comes out like it should be thick it is not at all! very light weight

Cost: £61 for 50ml

How long did I test for? Two months, pretty much everyday

What did I like? I love the way it makes my skin feel, which is incredible soft! Given that I think this would be best for acne prone skin (which I do not have) I can only imagine it would be great for those that do have that skin type. It really feels like its working in the deeper levels of the skin.

What I disliked? Not a lot in all honestly. I really like the fact that it does multiple things depending on your skin type, which makes it a great product to recommend!

Would I buy again? 85% It is pricey but does last quite a long time.

Where can you purchase? Selfridges, House of Fraser




Instagram @scienceandskincare




Eat your way to perfect skin: What I eat in a day

Eating right is not only beneficial for your waistline. Your skin needs to be catered to from the beginning and that means your diet.

Health starts from the inside, if you don’t eat well it doesn’t really matter how many expensive products you apply, you won’t have perfect skin. Below I’ve compiled a list of things I generally eat in a day, picking out the best ingredients from each meal, all the while considering the effect on my skin. *Disclaimer there is a lot of fish! You can always eat almonds if you really hate fish to get the same benefits.

Breakfast – Avocado, smoked salmon on wholemeal toast with poached eggs.

  • Avocado – contains healthy fatty acids along with Vitamin C that is essential for the production of elastin and collagen. Also contains antioxidants such as alpha and beta carotene which provide protection from the environment that can lead to aging. All of which help to improve the skin from the inside.
  • Smoked salmon – can reduce inflammation because of the omega 3 and omega 6 frequently found in oily fish. Inflammation is the cause of clogged pores.
  • Wholemeal bread – not refined like white carbohydrates so is more easily digested and does not cause skin damaging insulin spikes.
  • Eggs – contain Vitamin A that can help the skin look renewed by helping to produce new skin cells.


All that by breakfast isn’t too bad…

Lunch – Greek salad.

  • Olives – again like avocado they contain fatty acids that are good for you as they provide the ability to lubricate your skin which can keep your skin hydrated. Not only that but fatty acids also help your body to absorb other nutrients better. No one should be scared of fatty acids like the ones found in olives, olive oil and avocado. In fact Joy Bauer, a nutritionist in New York City  says “A lot of young women have dry, flaky skin because they don’t eat enough fat.”  (Cosmopolitan, 2003). Just make sure it’s healthy fat i.e. not a cheese burger although I am partial to a cheese burger once in a while.
  • Dolma/Vine leaves – like eggs this is high in Vitamin A and fibre which are useful for fresh looking skin and nutrient absorption respectively.
  • Rocket – rocket has antioxidant qualities which helps to prevent cancer by eliminating free radicals cause by the sun.


Dinner – Sea bass with avocado/tomato salsa and potato rosti     

  • Potato – more Vitamin C which also helps reduce dark circles and dark spots whilst also keeping wrinkle’s at bay.
  • Tomatoes – are anti-inflammatory and can acts as antioxidants. This means they are useful in reducing puffiness and are also rich in lycopene which keeps your skin soft and supple.

img_20170111_120700_7631If you can’t tell in this picture I got to around half way through eating my dinner before I realised I needed a picture…

To drink I had green tea and water sporadically throughout the day. This is to keep my skin hydrated whilst removing any toxins from my system. I also want to note I didn’t eat a dessert that day as I was stuffed from the sea bass but normally I eat some fresh fruit and yogurt to round off a day.

My Top Five Beauty Products of 2016!

Goodbye 2016…..

Sadly, for some, 2016 has come to an end! Whilst many people are rejoicing at the fact that the year that took so many legends from us is over I could not be sadder. I did some great things this year (including starting my Instagram account ‘scienceandskincare’) and found some great products! I’ve minimised the list to just five so you can easily buy them if necessary. So in no particular order…

Kiehl’s Skin Rescuer Mouisterzer – £29.50 – I first discovered this as my skin was getting red and blotchy, which never happens, so I panicked ran into Selfridges and discovered this gem. It cleared my skin in one use, I now officially never have to worry about random rosacea!  Now it is important to note that I have combination to dry skin but Kiehl’s is a great brand so I’m sure you’ll find something great there!

Onsen Aloe Gel Cleanser – £36.58 – Now this one is a bit more difficult to find but is by far my favourite. It is magical, instantly rejuvenating my skin. It must have something to do with that fact that Onsen uses minerals from Japan! I stumbled upon this at a concession at Westfield in London. If you can get this – get it!

Pixi Glow Tonic – £18.00 – Now I’m a little late to this but believe me it is worth the hype. This is quickly becoming a stable in my regime, I honestly don’t think I could live without it. Even though with too much use it could dry my skin out it cleanses and cleans my skin like nothing else! Beside the hydration can always be added back in with a good serum.

Clarins Blue Orchid Oil – £33 – Again totally a staple for me. I have used many oils in my short time on this earth but nothing skins into my skin on the level this does and it lasts all night! If you haven’t tried this yet make it one of the things this year you try out!

Estee Lauder Clear Difference Serum – £45 – My newest addition to my skincare regiment is this beautifully packaged serum. It makes my skin ridiculously soft and clears my skin from the odd blemish quite effectively. All in all very useful and looks great with the rest of my beauty products.

Well that wraps up my short post today I hope everyone has a great year!

F.S Xx